- The ruling to observe fasting during Ramadan was sent down 18 months after Hijra, during the month of Sha’aban in the second year of Hijra in 624 CE.
- Quran was first revealed to Prophet Muhammad pbuh during the month of Ramadan.
- The first revelation was sent down on Laylat al-Qadr (The night of Power) which is one of the five odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan.
- Death of Aisha bint Abu Bakr – third wife of Prophet Muhammad pbuh.
- The Battle of Badr was won by the Muslims.
The benefits of fasting:
a- Spiritual benefits:
1- It instills the inclination to piety, which is one of the greatest secrets of fasting, in the soul.
2- It trains one to be patient and strengthens one’s determination.
3- It trains one on self restraint. It refrains our nafs.
4- It humbles the self.
5- It helps in freeing the heart for contemplation and the remembrance of Allah Almighty.
6- It narrows the channels of the blood, where Satan, the sneaking whisperer, moves within the children of Adam, may Allah exalt his mention. Satan circulates in the human being as blood circulates in the body. Through fasting, the whispers of Satan get quieter, and the power of desire and anger fade away.
b- Social benefits:
1- It trains Muslims on order and unity.
2- It spreads justice and equality among Muslims.
3- It develops mercy in the believers and fosters good behavior.
4- It makes the rich realize the value of the favors that Allah swt, bestowed upon them, of which He deprived many of the poor.
5- It preserves society from evils and corruption.
c- Health benefits:
1- It purifies the intestines.
2- It reforms the stomach.
3- It cleanses the body of wastes and deposits.
4- It alleviates the intensity of obesity and the fullness of the stomach with fats.